Spontaneous intracranial (subarachnoid) and intracerebral hemorrhage

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Spontaneous intracranial (subarachnoid) and intracerebral hemorrhage

There are many reasons causing intracranial and intracerebral hemorrhage among them. The most common intracranial and intracerebral hemorrhage following four forms: hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage and lobar, saccular aneurysm ruptures and discontinuities of arteriovenous malformations. Rarely occur in patients with various bleeding disorders of blood coagulation (hemostasis), and mycotic aneurysm rupture and very rarely idiopathic purpura brain, stem hemorrhages, combined with the twisting of the brain stem during the hippocampal uncus impaction, and multiple small hemorrhages in hypertensive encephalopathy.

Intracerebral hemorrhage in size and location directly depend on the type of vascular disease of the brain.
In patients with arterial hypertension may develop spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage with formation of intracerebral hematoma.

Spontaneous intracranial (subarachnoid) and intracerebral hemorrhage causes

  • Intracerebral hemorrhage in hypertensive disease
  • Lobar hemorrhage of unknown etiology and intracerebral hemorrhage, combined with kongofylic angiopathy (data analysis)
  • Rupture of aneurysms of the cerebral arteries:
  • Rupture of congenital arteriovenous malformation (AVM, angioma, hemangioma)
  • Hemorrhagic syndromes: leukemia, aplastic anemia, thrombocytopenic purpura, liver disease, complications of therapy with anticoagulants, hyperfibrinolysis, fibrinopenia, hemophilia, Christmas disease
  • Brain injury, including post-traumatic hemorrhage
  • Hemorrhage in the primary and secondary brain tissue
  • Hemorrhagic stroke (arterial or venous)
  • Inflammatory diseases of the arteries and veins of the brain
  • Other rare causes of bleeding:
    • after taking the drugs that raise blood pressure
    • physical stress during the procedure angiography
    • painful urological examination
    • as a late complication of carotid artery occlusion (carotid occlusion) at an early age
    • complication of carotid- cavernous arteriovenous fistula (carotid-cavernous fistula, CCF)
    • reduction in oxygen saturation of blood (hypoxemia)
    • migraine
    • acute encephalitis in calves, inclusions, encephalitis, causing xanthosis high red blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) - to 2000
    • acute necrotizing hemorrhagic encephalopathy may be associated with an increase in the number of erythrocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to 100
    • tularemia and snake venom poisoning may be accompanied by bloody nature of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

See also